Contemporary Business law question

Law is an integral and important part of our society. What is the intent of law in our society??? What is type of system of government is the U.S. ??? What type of legal and societal system did the founding fathers set up as the legal frame work in our society???? And Why??? How would you define the following and its importance to our personal and business way of life:

1. Constitution


2. Legislative


3. Executive


4. Judicial


5. Commerce Clause


6. Supremacy Clause


7. Equal protection


8. Due process


9. Free speech


10. Privacy issues


11. Takings Clause