The Time Value of Money and Financial Statement Analysis
Solving Present Value and Future Value Problems
You are the CFO (Chief Financial Officer) of ABC Golf Equipment Corporation, a small company that sells golf equipment. Mr. Hillbrandt, the new CEO (Chief Executive Officer) has a marketing background and is trying to learn more about the financial side of running a business. He wants your help and asks for an introduction to the concept of time value of money.
The value of a typical corporate bond is the present value of an annuity plus the present value of a lump sum. Thus, if an individual does not understand how to calculate the present value of a lump sum or the present value of an annuity, it is difficult to determine the value of a typical corporate bond. Thus, in this case assignment, you will work through a variety of time value of money problems to illustrate the idea to the CEO.
The following websites include a number of formulae and financial calculators, including Present Value, Future Value, and Annuity:
Financial calculators. (2015). Calculator Soup. Retrieved from http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/financial/
Carther, S. (2015). Calculating the present and future value of annuities. Investopedia. Retrieved fromhttp://www.investopedia.com/articles/03/101503.asp
Compute and show your work for the following scenarios:
Calculate the present value of the following lump sums:
$100,000 to be received five years from now with a 5% annual interest rate
$200,000 to be received 10 years from now with a 10% annual interest rate
Calculate the future value of the following lump sums:
$100,000 if invested for five years at a 5% annual interest rate
$200,000 if invested for 10 years at a 10% annual interest rate
Calculate the present value of these ordinary annuities:
$100,000 to be received each year for five years with a 5% annual interest rate
$200,000 to be received each year for 10 years with a 10% annual interest rate
Calculate the future value of these ordinary annuities:
$100,000 if invested each year for five years at a 5% annual interest rate
$200,000 if invested each year for 10 years at a 10% annual interest rate
Calculate the present value of these perpetuities:
$100,000 to be received each year forever with a 5% annual interest rate
$200,000 to be received each year forever with a 10% annual interest rate
Computations (use Excel).
Show the computations as required above.
Summarize the results in an easy to read table at the top of the spreadsheet or on a clearly labeled separate tab.
Memo (use Word).
Interpret the results from the computations and explain how the information is useful. Write a four or five paragraph memo to the CEO. Start with an introduction and end with a conclusion or recommendation. Each of the four or five paragraphs should have a heading.
Short Essay (use Word).
Do research and write a short essay to comment on the use of bonds by public corporations. The emphasis of the essay could be either
A discussion of different types of bonds; or
The use of bonds in different industries.
Start with an introduction and end with a summary or conclusion. Use headings. Don’t forget to reference your sources. Maximum length of two pages.
Each submission should include two files: (1) An Excel file; and (2) A Word document. The Word document shows the memo first and short essay last. Assume a knowledgeable business audience and use required format and length. Individuals in business are busy and want information presented in an organized and concise manner.